Fuel System Assy.

FUEL SYSTEM ASSEMBLY

Some photos were made on an engine build stand to improve clarity. 

Some characteristics of this system are:

bulletProvides a safety feature that shuts off the electric fuel pump if the engine should lose oil pressure for any reason.
bulletProvides that cool fuel from the tank is being delivered continuously from the tank to within 10 inches of the carburetor inlet.
bulletProvides a ready path for any vapors that might form in the fuel delivery line to be returned to the tank instead of being forced into the carburetor fuel inlet.

·        Contains a check valve to prevent the fuel from returning to tank level each time the engine is shut off.

INSTALLING THE MANIFOLD ONTO THE ENGINE

Typical Stude V8 top of engine view.  Note: PCV connection tube at rear of valley cover and the metal intake gaskets.  I prefer the composite gaskets.

 

 

 

Set Manifold onto engine.  Install the 3/8” X 2” stud in second hole left front as shown.

 

 

 

 

Install Carb studs 5/16” X 1 ˝”, 4 places.  Install special stud and filter support bar at left front second stud back from front of engine. 

 

 

 

INSTALLING THE CARBURETOR

Install a carb base gasket, followed by the insulator/spacer, followed by another carb base gasket.  Then install the carb.

 

 

 

 

Install the vacuum tube from the front of the carb to the distributor vacuum advance.  A single bolt holds the tube and the front ear of the coil mount bracket.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INSTALLING THE CHECK VALVE  (A modified fuel pump)

Install the two 5/16 inch studs into the boltholes where the fuel pump used to mount.  Install a gasket, followed by the blanking plate. 

 

 

 

 

 

Install the check valve.  This is an old fuel pump that is modified to serve as a check valve only.   

 

Please return an old pump for me to use for modification.

 

 

PRE-ASSEMBLY OF THE ELECTRIC FUEL PUMP

Several different models of pump may be used.  Just ensure their specs show they will deliver a minimum of 4 PSI and will flow a minimum of 30 gallons per hour.  When being installed on an older car whose fuel tank condition is unknown, I strongly recommend installing an auxiliary strainer between the pump and the tank in addition to a filter before the carb to strain out any “big chunks” of particles.  Continue to use the auxiliary strainer unto it no longer becomes contaminated.  As long as there is rust and other debris coming out of the tank the strainer and the filter before the pump will prevent the debris from entering and damaging the pump.

 INSTALLING THE PUMP

 Pre-assembled pump, filter and the pre-strainer.

 

 

 

 

 

Looking up under the car from the RH side

Just in front of the rear wheel.  ’63 Cruiser                             Forward looking aft                                                                                      

Find a fairly straight segment of the fuel tube from the tank to the front of the car.  Cut out a XXX inch segment of the tube in a location where the fuel pump/filter/strainer combo is to be mounted. If the tank is not empty the tube(s) must be plugged, as fuel will run out when the cuts are made.  I recommend draining the tank before doing this operation.  Install the pump temporarily into the tube, locate, mark and drill a 5/16 hole for the mount bolt, connect the tubes, in and out, and connect the wires.  This completes mounting the pump.

 

 

 

 

 

                     Example of fuel pump mounted left rear frame rail on an Avanti.

This view does not include the “pre-strainer” because this was a known clean tank.

INSTALLING THE VAPOR/FUEL RETURN TUBING

Installing the tubing for the vapor/fuel bypass line from the front to the rear of the car is probably the most difficult and time-consuming part of the installation.  The pictures are from several different vehicles and reflect the “general” concepts.  Since I’ve not specifically done a Hawk I cannot attest to the exact routing or configuration of the tube as it passes from the front to the rear of the vehicle.

Pictures are in order from rear to front of the vehicle, a ’63 Cruiser, the tube is placed along the outside of the left side frame rail.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Left and right views of the modified filler tube inside the trunk.  Shows the hose coming up through the floor and connecting to the nipple welded to the bottom of the filler tube.  I believe the Hawk has a left side behind the rear wheel door and filler tube so these pictures are general info only. 

INSTALLING THE NIPPLE ONTO THE FILLER TUBE.

To connect the nipple to the filler tube the filler tube will need to be removed from the vehicle.

Before removing it from the car, mark a location on the filler tube where the nipple will be best accessible to route the tube/hose to it.  Ensure that the nipple can be welded on and will clear all surrounding objects.

After marking it, remove the filler tube from the car and take it a safe distance away before welding.

Weld or braze the small section of tubing (1/8 tube about 1 inch long) enclosed in the kit onto the filler tube.  Optional is a Heli-arc welder that will work best for this type of precision welding.  You’ll need to find a local source for this.  After the nipple tube is welded into place then drill through the nipple tube into and through the filler tube to create the passage for fuel.

ALTERNATE METHOD

Weld a threaded bung onto the filler tube then fit a nipple into that bung that will allow the hose to be connected.  Drill the filler tube after the nipple is welded on.

ROUTING THE TUBE ALONG THE FRAME

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Looking up under the frame from behind the car.  The hose from the nipple comes down from inside the trunk, connects to the steel tube which is firmly attached to the rear frame crossmember.  Use clamps/retainers about every 15 to 25 inches along the length of the tube to attach it firmly to the frame.

 

Tube runs across the rear crossmember to the left frame rail. Crosses overtop the frame rail at the rear shackle then along the frame up and over the rear axle kick up.  Note retaining clamp at rear shackle and at top of kick up.

Aft looking forward as the tube continues toward the front of the vehicle.

As it weaves through the left front toward the fuel pump location ensure that it cannot be pinched or crushed by the motion of the lower A-frame.

Terminate the tube anywhere near the original fuel pump location. Trim it to length and attach the vapor/fuel return hose from the front filter.

 

INSTALLING THE ELECTRIC WIRING

Remove the factory pipe plug from the front of the left cylinder head and install the pressure switch.  Connect the wires as shown on the wiring diagram.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Route the wire over the support to the rear of the engine compartment.(Shown coiled here)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Per the wiring diagram, route the orange wire from the “P” terminal on the pressure switch all the way to the pump at the rear of the vehicle.  At the pump trim to length and connect this orange wire to the white wire with the female bullet connector supplied.  The white wire already has the male terminal installed.

Trim to a convenient length and connect the fuse holder into the yellow wire coming from the “I” terminal on the pressure switch.  Connect the other side of the fuse holder to the red wire from the choke heater. Then route a wire from this connection to the “IGN” terminal of the ignition switch or any other “IGN” source.  

CAUTION:  DO NOT CONNECT THIS WIRE TO THE WIRE SUPPLYING POWER TO THE COIL/DISTRIBUTOR.  THE WIRE TO THE COIL/DISTRIBUTOR MAY BE A RESISTOR WIRE AND WILL NOT SUPPLY SUFFICIENT POWER TO RUN THE PUMP AND THE IGNITION.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 Connect the red wire from the “S” terminal on the pressure switch to the solenoid at the small white wire terminal that energizes the solenoid. 

 

 

 

 

 

 The black wire from the choke heater is pre-connected to ground on one of the carburetor top screws.

 

 

 

 

Check to ensure a 10-amp fuse is installed in the fuse holder in the wire connected to the “I” terminal of the pressure switch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Details of filter and wire harness support.

 

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